WHAT TO DO IN 1 DAY IN VATICAN CITY
Are you planning your trip to Vatican City and wondering about the best things to do in Vatican City in one day? Then read on and find out what to do. This post is all about one day in Vatican City and how to spend your day there.
In 1929 the Vatican became an independent state – it is the world’s smallest with only 0.44 square kilometers and 1000 inhabitants and it is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
This tiny county has always fascinated me and I couldn’t wait to finally visit. Whenever I travel, I love to visit religious sites like mosques, churches, and temples – though I am not a religious person. When I visited I wasn’t disappointed at all – actually, a trip to Vatican City was the highlight of my 3-day trip to Rome and is a must for any Italy itinerary. It is the perfect day trip from Rome – Vatican City in one day allows you to see the best attractions and its main sights.
If you think Dubai is all about “bling-bling” and pompous you need to visit Vatican City to see that this tiny country, home of the Pope, is the epitome of gaudiness. But it has amazing appeal in terms of history, politics, art, and architecture.
While there’s a lot in Vatican City, most of the best places to see are St. Peter’s Basilica and the Sistine Chapel. But there is more and here you will find out about the 10 best things to do in Vatican City.
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FAQ: VATICAN CITY
Looking for some of the best Vatican City travel tips?
General Tips for One Day in Vatican City
- Most attractions here are located with the Vatican Museums – but some attractions are not part of it.
- I already mentioned this, but wear comfortable shoes. If you have any issues with walking for a sustained period of time, rent a wheelchair (for free). The Vatican Museums have very few benches where you can rest — and you don’t want to lean on ancient art!
- Dress appropriately. You should avoid wearing revealing clothes, like short skirts, dresses, and shorts. Also, cover your shoulders. Sandals are okay, but flip-flops are considered too informal.
- Pack light, you will not be allowed to take bigger bags with you and have to go through security. The less you carry with you, the better. Food and metal tools ( scissors and knives) are not allowed.
What Tickets to Buy For One Day in Vatican City?
There are different tickets available, and I have picked those I think are the best. I normally book tickets via GetYourGuide because I love their a) support and b) their generous cancellation policy.
One thing I like to mention first: though we visited at the end of January (so off-season) we were totally surprised to see how busy it actually was and how long the lines were. We were skeptical if we really needed a “skip the line ticket” as we thought it was just about paying extra.
The St. Peter’s Basilica is free but you will have to pay if you want to get to the top of the basilica. The lines were as long as the line of those wanting to visit the museum (which you need a ticket for). I first visited the Vatican Museums – with my skip-the-line ticket- and then entered – without any queuing – the basilica.
HOW TO GET TO VATICAN CITY FROM ROME
Getting to Vatican City from the center of Rome is quite straightforward, as it’s well-connected by various modes of transportation. Here are a few options:
- Metro: The Rome Metro (Metropolitana) is one of the easiest ways to reach Vatican City. You can take Line A (the Orange Line) and get off at either Ottaviano-S. Pietro-Musei Vaticani or Cipro stations. Both stops are a short walk from Vatican City.
- Bus: Numerous bus routes run from different parts of Rome to near Vatican City. You can catch these buses from major points in Rome.
- Tram: Tram Line 19 goes towards Vatican City and stops at Piazza del Risorgimento, which is a short walk away from St. Peter’s Square.
- Taxi or Ride-Sharing Services: Taxis are readily available throughout Rome and can take you directly to Vatican City. Ride-sharing services like Uber also operate in Rome, offering an alternative to taxis.
- Walking: If you’re in the historic center of Rome, walking to Vatican City is a feasible option. It’s a pleasant walk, especially if you’re near areas like Piazza Navona or Campo de’ Fiori.
- Bicycle or E-Scooter: Renting a bicycle or an e-scooter can be a fun way to travel to Vatican City, especially on a nice day. There are various bike rental shops and e-scooter services available in Rome.
PLACES TO VISIT IN ONE DAY IN VATICAN CITY
Here they are – the top attractions in Vatican City that you can see in a day.
MORNING IN VATICAN CITY
Start your day – early – with the museums of Vatican City – the Vatican Museums. The Vatican Museums consist of several distinct museums, and a single purchased ticket provides access to all of them.
You will spend a big portion of your day here. Having a tour guide will make moving through various sections more manageable. Consider choosing a guided excursion, which encompasses the main attractions of the Museums.
After the tour ends, you’ll have the opportunity to stay longer and delve deeper into the exhibits at your own pace.
The Sistine Chapel is a renowned part of the Vatican Museums. To view this iconic chapel, you are required to buy tickets for the Vatican Museums.
While, yes, the Sistine Chapel and the art on the ceiling are all Biblical, it’s also breathtaking and famous. The Sistine Chapel is a rectangular hall and the Pope’s domestic chapel.
The frescoes on the ceiling were painted by Michelangelo between 1508 and 1512. By the way, I once read a biography of Michelangelo and ever since then I have become fascinated by him. So, reading a biography might not be a bad way to prepare a bit for your Vatican City trip.
It’s a good place for some quiet reflection and appreciation of truly fantastic art that must have been a pain in the neck to create.
- No talking and no picture-taking allowed. And the guards are serious about enforcing that (though some still managed to snap some pics quickly).
- You need tickets for the Sistine Chapel. Do not buy them from a random “salesperson”. Either buy it from the ticket center or get it online (and avoid long lines).
It’s true! There are two mummies in the Gregorian Egyptian Museum, along with other artifacts reflecting the art and architecture of the Egyptian peoples and other ancient Near East civilizations.
You’ll find ancient Sumerian Cuneiform tablets that are nearly four thousand years old, the Cylinder of Nebuchadnezzar II (more than 2,500 years old), as well as a hemicycle of granite statues from different ages.
If you didn’t read up on what to see in Vatican City ahead of time, this exhibit will probably surprise (and delight) you.
- It is also part of the Vatican Museum.
An art lover will enjoy a tour of Raphael´s Rooms (Stanze di Raffaello)- they are four rooms painted by the famous Renaissance artist, Raphael, and his students. Raphael started the work in 1508 and continued until he died in 1520. The work was completed in 1524 by his students.
His “School of Athens,” a fresco you’ve probably seen in textbooks, is there to admire in person. The painting is meant to embody “Philosophy” and in the center, you see Plato and Aristotle in the discussion.
- Raphael’s Rooms are inside the Vatican Museum.
Maybe this is a silly thing to include when mentioning things to do in Vatican City, but walking down this amazing Spiral Staircase (Bramante Staircase) is a fun experience.
It’s designed as a double-helix (like DNA) with one staircase leading up, and the other down, never intersecting. It’s one of the most photographed staircases in the world, so it’s certainly worth a look, although going down it after walking a large portion of the 9 miles of museums can make your legs feel a bit wobbly.
- The Spiral Staircase is located in the Vatican Museums.
There is so much art within the 9 miles of the Vatican Museums, that it’s hard to pick just a few pieces to focus on. However, the Laocoön, a famous sculpture depicting the death-by-sea-serpent of the Trojan priest who warned his people about the Trojan horse’s deception, is a brilliant marble copy of the bronze original sculpture worth stopping to admire in the Octagonal Court.
- It is also located in the Vatican Museum
The Gallery of Maps
Another top place to visit in Vatican City is the Gallery of Maps – here you’ll find the two walls of a long hallway frescoed with topographical maps of Italy.
The hallway is bright and beautiful and the maps are truly gorgeous (if only about 80% accurate). It has a different feel than the rest of the Vatican Museum and allows one to appreciate a different type of art. This has been one of the most stunning places in Vatican City.
- This is also part of the Vatican Museums
The marble statue of the young god Apollo has been in the Vatican since at least 1508 and is a 2nd-century A.D. copy of a 330 B.C. bronze original.
Why is this statue out of all the hundreds of marble creations in the Vatican? According to German art historian, Johann Joachim Winckelmann, “Of all the works of antiquity that have escaped destruction, the statue of Apollo represents the highest ideal of art.”
Now that’s a compliment! It also stands around Nero’s red porphyry bathtub, something worth seeing on its own merits.
- You can find this statue also in the Vatican Museums.
Visiting several museums of the Vatican Museum will take a few hours – at least. If you are really interested in learning more about certain aspects, it could also take much longer. Either way, with only one day in Vatican City, I suggest you leave around lunchtime to have lunch in Rome, and then head back later the day for the rest of the day.
EARLY AFTERNOON IN VATICAN CITY
Saint Peter’s Square
Saint Peter’s Square is a large plaza located directly in front of St. Peter’s Basilica – this is the square you will see as one of the first things in Vatican City.
St. Peter’s Square, also known as Piazza San Pietro, ranks among the world’s most renowned and awe-inspiring squares. Crafted by Bernini in the 17th century, it can accommodate over 300,000 people.
Both the square and the basilica are named after Saint Peter, an apostle of Jesus considered by Catholics to be the first Pope.
St. Peter’s Square’s most striking feature, apart from its vast size, is the impressive arrangement of 284 columns and 88 pilasters forming a four-row colonnade around the square. Atop these columns stand 140 statues of saints, completed in 1670 by Bernini’s disciples.
Dominating the square’s center are the obelisk and two notable fountains. One fountain was designed by Bernini in 1675, and the other by Maderno in 1614. The obelisk, towering at 25 meters, was transported from Egypt to Rome in 1586.
AFTERNOON IN VATICAN CITY
St. Peter’s Basilica
St. Peter’s Basilica is not a part of the Vatican Museums and entry to the basilica is free.
The Papal Basilica of Saint Peter in the Vatican, or simply Saint Peter’s Basilica, is a church built in the Renaissance style. The work began by Pope Julius II in 1506 and was completed in 1615 under Paul V.
St. Peter´s Basilica is undoubtedly one of the best places to visit in Vatican City: it’s the focal point of the entire city-state, and it’s the largest church in the world, able to hold some 60,000 people.
- It is free to visit but the lines might be veeeeery long, so a skip-the-line ticket is worth getting.
Located inside St. Peter’s, this is undoubtedly religious art crafted by the master Michelangelo. This work of Renaissance sculpture depicts the Virgin Mary holding the now-dead body of Christ and is remarkably the only work Michelangelo ever signed.
Because of an attack in the 1970s that took off part of Mary’s nose and her arm, the sculpture is now behind bulletproof glass. Regardless of your religious views, a sculpture depicting a mother holding her dead son is moving, and the fact it was made by the famous Michelangelo makes it worth viewing.
- La Pieta is inside the Basilica – close to the entrance of the Basilica. It is free to see because the Basilica is free to visit.
St. Peter’s Basilica Dome
After admiring St. Peter´s Basicila, you can get to the top of the dome – and have amazing views of Rome and also of Vatican City.
To enjoy these views from the St. Peter´s Basilica Dome you have a couple of options.
- Either climb all the stairs to get up or (almost 1000 steps in total)
- or as I did (unlike my two cousins) hop into the lift and get out after a few levels and then climb the stairs to get to the top (about 320 steps)
- The ticket for the top is 10€ if you take the lift, and 8€ if you climb all the steps. You can buy the tickets just at the Basilica.
- For claustrophobic people and people who cannot climb stairs, a visit to the dome of St. Peter’s Basilica is not recommended.
Because I went in January, I didn’t fully appreciate the Vatican Gardens, but if you go when plants and trees are blooming you’ll get to experience a variety of wonderful and ornate fountains and relative quiet.
They only allow a certain number of reservations per day. So unlike the can’t-breathe-claustrophobia of the Sistine Chapel, the rolling shaded walkways of the gardens will be a relief from the crowds.
Cactus gardens, grottos, trees, shrubbery, views of St. Peter’s dome, several of the most renowned Roman sculptures, and important masterpieces of Renaissance art make it a top activity in Vatican City.
Last but not least: You have the cutest post office and pretty doors in Vatican City (for those who #haveathingfordoors ).
FINAL THOUGHTS ON WHAT TO DO IN VATICAN CITY IN ONE DAY
Vatican City offers a wealth of attractions that are must-sees for any traveler. Even if you only have one day to explore this tiny city-state, several key highlights should not be missed
So religious or not, Vatican City is worth your time. When in Rome make sure to add Vatican City to your itinerary and learn about the history and… And these tips about the best places to visit in Vatican City have helped you to plan your trip!